AUSTRALIAN HERPETOLOGY WEBSITE

A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of Australia

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Australian Herpetology Website (Reptiles and Amphibians)

Covering Snakes and Lizards, Crocodiles ,Turtles,and Amphibians, including Colubrid snakes, Pythons, Elapids (called Cobras or Coral Snakes in some countries), Sea Snakes, File Snakes, Blind (or Worm) Snakes, Sea Turtles, Freshwater Turtles (or Tortoises) Dragon Lizards (Agamas), Geckos, Legless Lizards Monitor Lizards (often called Goannas in Australia), Skinks and other Reptile species.

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AUSTRALIAN Colubrids, Mud Snakes, Sea Snakes, Blind Snakes (Worm Snakes)

Australian Colubrids, Mud Snakes, Worm (Blind) Snakes, File Snakes and Sea Snakes
John Fowler & Rachel Barnes

This part of the website is covers Australian Colubrids, Mud Snakes, Worm (Blind) Snakes, File Snakes and Sea Snakes found in Australia.

Click on a photo below for species listings


Colubrids

Of the Australian Colubrid snakes,

only the Brown Tree Snake and Wolf Snake have weak venom and they are generally considered harmless.

The four most commonly encountered colubrids seen in Australia are listed here:-

COMMON NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Distribution

PHOTO

Brown Tree Snake or
Night Tiger Snake

Boiga irregularis
(= Boiga fusca
or fuscus)

NSW, NT, Qld, WA

Northern Tree Snake
or Coconut Tree Snake

Dendrelaphis calligaster

Australia (Queensland), Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia

Common or Green (or Golden) Tree Snake

Dendrelaphis punctulatus (was punctulata)

NSW, NT, Qld, WA

*Australian Slaty-grey Snake

Stegonotus australis
(split from S. cucullatus)

NT, Qld

Keelback or Freshwater Snake

Tropidonophis mairii

NSW, NT, Qld, WA


To see a list of all Australian Colubrids - click on the picture below

COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes

SPECIES
LISTS


The Brown Tree Snake on Guam (PDF)
National Museum of
Natural History

 

Colubrid Snakes
AROD

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MUD SNAKES

Mud Snakes are a group of rear fanged aquatic snakes that used to be considered as colubrid snakes. Australian Mud Snakes and Colubrids are not considered dangerous.

COLUBRID SNAKES - Colubridae Homalopsidae Mud Snakes

SPECIES
LISTS

 

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SEA SNAKES

SEA SNAKES - Hydrophiinae Laticaudidae Sea Kraits

SPECIES
LIST


Sea Snakes are now considered to be a Sub-family of the Elapid snakes.

They have extremely strong venom, however bites are extremely rare.

Most species have no inclination to bite humans, however a few species do bite and due to the potency of their venoms, extreme care should be taken.


If bitten the treatment should be the same as for an elapid Snake
(All dangerous Australian land snakes are Elapids)
VENOM AND SNAKEBITE (Australia) 

John Fowler

Sea Snakes
Diving Medicine Online

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BLIND SNAKES
( Worm Snakes )
Worm Snakes are totally harmless, they have a small spine on their tail but have no venom.

BLIND SNAKES - Worm Snakes - Typhlopidae Ramphotyphlops

SPECIES
LIST

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FILE SNAKES

File Snakes are not venomous, they they are totally aquatic usually living in the sea or brackish water

FILE SNAKES - Acrochordidae

SPECIES
LIST


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Updated July 1, 2021

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